The Camino Inglés or English Camino has two traditional starting points: the port cities A Coruña and Ferrol. The English Camino was the route traditionally taken by pilgrims from Northern Europe, Britain and Ireland on their way to Santiago and it was also an important trading route. You will need to complete at last 100kms to be rewarded with a ‘Compostela’ pilgrim certificate: you can walk from Ferrol to Santiago or complete what is known as the Celtic Camino, from A Coruña.
From Ferrol: On the Camino Ingles you will enjoy nice coastal views for the first two walking days, and you will stop in pretty towns en-route, such as Pontedeume and Betanzos. The second part of this Camino route heads inland towards Santiago de Compostela across Galicia’s green countryside.
If you are travelling in the Spring, make sure you get to experience Ferrol’s impressive Easter festival: Semana Santa de Ferrol.
Please note, in order to get your Compostela pilgrim certificate in Santiago you will need to walk a minimum of 100kms into Santiago (we suggest you start in Ferrol) or cycle at least the last 200kms of the route. While you can cycle the Camino Ingles, you won’t be entitled to a Compostela certificate, as the route is not long enough to qualify for it.
From A Coruña: The city of A Coruña is also a traditional starting point but fewer pilgrims start their English Camino from there, because it is situated less than 100 kilometres from Santiago de Compostela. That means that if you are starting your route from A Coruña, you won’t qualify for a Pilgrim Certificate – you will have to start from Ferrol instead.
The Camino Society in Ireland has recently received approval from Santiago Cathedral to issue an Irish Compostela to pilgrims completing 25kms in Ireland. This way, Irish pilgrims who have obtained their Irish Compostela can walk from A Coruña to Santiago where they will also be entitled to a Compostela. This is known as the Celtic Camino.
The pilgrimages from Scandinavia and the British Isles began in the 12th century. One of the most noteworthy episodes occurred in 1147 with the arrival of a squadron of crusaders on their way to the Holy Land. This squadron took part in the conquest of Lisbon, aiding the first king of Portugal in his struggle against the Muslims. Before facing any bellicose encounter, crusaders from England, Germany and Flanders would visit the tomb of St. James.
The first maritime itinerary recorded between 1154-59 by the Icelandic monk, Nicholas Bergson, describes the voyage from Iceland to Bergen (Norway), Aalborg (Jutland) and Vyborg, sailing down the Kiel Canal, which marks the border between Denmark and Germany. This monk continued on foot to Rome, on his way to the Holy Land. Icelandic and Scandinavian pilgrims travelling to Santiago took this maritime route to Denmark, continuing their journey on foot to Roncesvalles, or by boat to the north of the Iberian Peninsula.
During the Hundred Years War that raged between France and England throughout almost the entire 14th century and the first third of the 15th century, the British used boats to travel to Santiago. The vessels that were chartered for this purpose would set sail with permission from the Crown from London, Bristol, Southampton and Plymouth and they would return to England loaded with goods from Galicia. The presence of these pilgrims in Santiago is well-documented by the ceramic pieces and coins dating from the 14th and 15th centuries, found during excavations in the cathedral.
Other traces of seafaring pilgrimages can be found in the offerings made to the Apostle. The most outstanding is the famous portable alabaster altarpiece depicting the life of St. James, which was donated to the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in 1456 by Father John Goodyear, who was the parish priest of the church of Chale on the Isle of Wight (diocese of Winchester). This work of art, part of the collection of the Cathedral Museum, portrays five scenes in the life of the apostle: his vocation, his preaching in Hispania, his martyrdom in Palestine and the transfer of his body by boat to Galicia.
Another splendid offering related to the pilgrimages undertaken from the British Isles is the ‘Pearl cross’. This piece, crafted in gold and silver, displaying enamel work and studded with pearls and gems, was created in Paris around 1375-1400 and donated by King Jacob IV of Scotland (1475-1513). The divorce of Henry VIII (1509-47) from Catherine of Aragón caused him to break ties with the Catholic Church, thus bringing an end to the pilgrimages from England.
Whether they were noblemen, princes, clergymen or plain citizens, the pilgrims found refuge in the hospitals along the Camino Ingles. From Ferrol and A Coruña, the route was less arduous thanks to the services provided by the religious order of the Sancti Spiritus. Starting in the 14th century, the Franciscan Order opened the doors to their dwellings in Pontedeume and Betanzos, under the auspices of the nobleman, Fernan Perez de Andrade, ‘0 Bo’.
Along this stretch, which headed out from Ferrol, there were pilgrim hospitals run by the Hospitalers of the Sancti Spiritus located in Ferrol, Neda, Miño, Paderne and Betanzos. Another pilgrim hospital dedicated to San Lorenzo was founded in Bruma, in 1140, becoming part of the Hospital of Santiago in 1175. In the stretch from A Coruña, the city offered pilgrims accommodation run by the religious orders of Los Angeles, Santa Catalina and San Andres, and, as they proceeded along the Way, there were facilities in Sigras and Poulo. Some of these establishments had chapels and cemeteries, whose archives contain records of the deaths of pilgrims of English, Nordic, German, French and Italian nationalities. These records highlight the importance of the Jacobean pilgrimages along this route.