The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela – 6 Things To Know

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela – 6 Things To Know

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is an iconic symbol of the city of Santiago and the final point for many pilgrims walking or cycling the Camino de Santiago.

Over the centuries, thousands of pilgrims worldwide have made their way to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, North West of Spain. The pilgrims’ routes are the Camino de Santiago and the Way of St James.

cathedral of santiago de compostela catedral de santiago camino de santiago caminoways

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela: The Camino Destination

The Camino is a network of trails spread across Europe, all sharing one goal and one destination: the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

Let’s look at 6 things to know about the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela:

1. Tomb of the Apostle St. James

It is in the cathedral, in a crypt beneath the Main Altar, where pilgrims can visit the Tomb of the Apostle St James.

It is here that the remains of St. James are kept in a silver urn alongside those of his disciples Saint Athanasius and Saint Theodore.

The relics of St. James would transform the town of Santiago into one of the most important pilgrimage destinations in the world.

tomb-of-st-james-cathedral-of-santiago-de-compostela

2. Design & Redesign: A Romanesque Masterpiece

As well as being one of the most important pilgrimage destinations in the world, the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is a magnificent work of art and religious architecture.

While the building preserves its original medieval structure and Romanesque essence, its character and unique beauty have been reinvented, with Gothic and Baroque touches shaping today’s masterpiece.

A shepherd in the 9th century discovered the remains of St James and built a small chapel (versions of the specific year vary, but it was sometime between 813 and 830).

However, this chapel was soon too small to host a large number of worshippers. A second and larger church was built but later destroyed.

Bishop San Pedro de Mezonzo rebuilt the temple in 1003 in pre-Romanesque style, and the current cathedral was erected by 1075, when pilgrimages enjoyed their heyday.

The 12th century saw the Pórtico da Gloria being built by Mestre Mateo: a masterpiece of Romanesque sculpture featuring 200 figures from the Bible inside the western facade of the cathedral.

portico-da-gloria-catedral-santiago-camino-de-santiago-caminoways

The Pórtico da Gloria was reopened to the public in 2018 after a 10-year-long detailed restoration project.

At 76 metres, the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela was Europe’s tallest building.

Gothic and Renaissance elements were gradually added, including new chapels, the 14th-century Clock Tower, the Holy Door, and a reinvented cloister.

However, the biggest and most dramatic transformation of the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela would take place in the 17th and 18th centuries, during the Baroque period.

The culmination of these works would result in the iconic facade we see today from Praza do Obradoiro, once again in all its glory after several years of cleaning and restoration work.

3. Porta Santa: The Holy Door

The Porta Santa, or Holy Door, was built in the 16th century, and it is also known as the Forgiveness Door (Puerta del Perdon).

It is located in the Praza Quintana and takes pilgrims straight to St James’ crypt and the Main Altar of the Cathedral, as well as the image of St James traditionally hugged by pilgrims.

The Holy Door is only open on Holy Years or Ano Xacobeo.

Praza-da-Quintana-cathedral-of-santiago-de-compostela-caminoways

4. Botafumeiro

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is also home to the famous Botafumeiro, a giant incense thurible dating back to the mid-19th century.

The Botafumeiro swings impressively across the Main Altar on special dates and occasions and is typically used in pilgrim masses.

botafumeiro-santiago-cathedral-caminoways

5. Confession and Mass

Confession is available throughout the day at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. If there are no priests in the confessionals or you are seeking confession in your own language, please ask in the sacristy.

Here is some more information about the Pilgrim Mass.

For more information about the history of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela or about specific services, we recommend you visit www.catedraldesantiago.com

For more information about the Camino de Santiago routes or to plan your trip, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

6. Hugging the Apostle

While visiting the Cathedral, you will have the opportunity to hug the apostle, a common tradition that was temporarily suspended during the pandemic. From 10.30 am, visitors can enter the dressing room of the Apostle Santiago. The room is in the main chapel and is open until the church closes at 9 pm.

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela – 6 Things To Know

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is an iconic symbol of the city of Santiago and the final point for many pilgrims walking or cycling the Camino de Santiago.

Over the centuries, thousands of pilgrims from all over the world have made their way to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, North West of Spain. The pilgrims’ routes are the Camino de Santiago, the Way of St James.

cathedral of santiago de compostela catedral de santiago camino de santiago caminoways

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela: The Camino Destination

The Camino is a network of trails spread across Europe, all sharing one goal and one destination: the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

Let’s look at 6 things to know about the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela:

1. Tomb of the Apostle St. James

It is in the cathedral, in a crypt beneath the Main Altar, where pilgrims can visit the Tomb of the Apostle St James.

Here, the remains of St. James are kept in a silver urn alongside those of his disciples, Saint Athanasius and Saint Theodore.

The relics of St. James would transform the town of Santiago into one of the most important pilgrimage destinations in the world.

tomb-of-st-james-cathedral-of-santiago-de-compostela

2. Design & Redesign: A Romanesque Masterpiece

As well as being one of the most important pilgrimage destinations in the world, the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is a magnificent work of art and religious architecture.

While the building preserves its original medieval structure and Romanesque essence, its character and unique beauty have been reinvented, with Gothic and Baroque touches shaping today’s masterpiece.

After the discovery of the remains of St James by a shepherd in the 9th century, a small chapel was built (versions of the specific year vary but sometime between 813 and 830).

However, this chapel was soon too small to host a large number of worshippers. A second and larger church was built but later destroyed.

Bishop San Pedro de Mezonzo rebuilt the temple in 1003 in pre-Romanesque style, and the current cathedral was erected by 1075 when pilgrimages enjoyed their heyday.

The 12th century saw the Pórtico da Gloria being built by Mestre Mateo: a masterpiece of Romanesque sculpture featuring 200 figures from the Bible inside the western facade of the cathedral.

portico-da-gloria-catedral-santiago-camino-de-santiago-caminoways

The Pórtico da Gloria was reopened to the public in 2018 after a 10-year-long detailed restoration project.

At 76 metres, the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela was Europe’s tallest building.

Gothic and Renaissance elements were gradually added, including new chapels, the 14th-century Clock Tower, the Holy Door, and a reinvented cloister.

However, the biggest and most dramatic transformation of the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela would take place in the 17th and 18th centuries, during the Baroque period.

The culmination of these works would result in the iconic facade we see today from Praza do Obradoiro, once again in all its glory after several years of cleaning and restoration work.

3. Porta Santa: The Holy Door

The Porta Santa, or Holy Door, was built in the 16th century, and it is also known as the Forgiveness Door (Puerta del Perdon).

It is located in the Praza Quintana and takes pilgrims straight to St James’ crypt and the Main Altar of the Cathedral, as well as the image of St James traditionally hugged by pilgrims.

The Holy Door is only open on Holy Years or Ano Xacobeo.

Praza-da-Quintana

4. Botafumeiro

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is also home to the famous Botafumeiro, a giant incense thurible dating back to the mid-19th century.

The Botafumeiro swings impressively across the Main Altar on special dates and special occasions and is typically used in pilgrim masses.

botafumeiro

5. Confession and Mass

Confession is available throughout the day at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. If there are no priests in the confessionals or you are seeking confession in your own language, please ask in the sacristy. Here is some more information about the Pilgrim Mass.

6. Hugging the Apostle

While visiting the Cathedral, you will have the opportunity to hug the apostle, a common tradition that was temporarily suspended during the pandemic. From 10.30 am, visitors can enter the dressing room of the Apostle Santiago. The room is located in the main chapel and is open until the church closes at 9 pm.

For more information about the history of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela or about specific services, we recommend you visit www.catedraldesantiago.com

You can also learn more about the architecture of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

For more information about the Camino de Santiago routes or to plan your trip, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Comments

  1. By Barbara Gordon

    My upcoming visit will be my third to Santiago de Compostela. Looking forward to mass on All Saints Day.

  2. By Agerico Valbuena

    Are civilians allowed to go inside the room behind metal bars where St James’ urn in a crypt was placed? I visited in October 1999 and I want to come back for another visit.
    Thank you.

  3. By Renaldo Flechas

    what a great website!!! this help me so much!!! thank u so much!

  4. Hi Renaldo, thanks very much for your message, glad you are enjoying the website and that it’s helping you! 🙂

  5. By Ana Castillo

    If a big group of pilgrims is trying to visit the tomb, do we need to make a reservation?

  6. By Sarah

    Hi Ana, it depends how big your group is but I would say no unless you are hoping for a guided tour of the Cathedral, I would contact them directly if that’s what you are looking for. The Cathedral is open and busy/welcoming to visitors so they are used to a lot of people.

  7. By All Shops

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