Holy week 2012 in Santiago de Compostela

easter-santiago-compostela-caminowaysHoly week 2012 in Santiago de Compostela

 The Compostela Holy Week stands out in the exceptional setting of this World Heritage City’s streets and squares. But Holy Week in Santiago is a lot more than traditional processions and liturgical services. During these days, Santiago hosts an extensive cultural programme, which includes exhibitions, especially those of a religious nature, concerts featuring a wide variety of music, from the Middle Ages to Baroque, passing through Romanticism or the 20th century, and a long list of events for all tastes and budgets.

Holy Week program in Santiago de Compostela

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Friday, March 30, 2012

GOOD FRIDAY (Friday, March 30, 2012): Procession of ‘La Virgen de los Dolores’
Brotherhood of ‘Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno y la Santísima Virgen de los Dolores’
Time
9 pm.
Home-Starting point
Church of San Miguel dos Agros
Itinerary
Praza de San Miguel dos Agros – Rúa de Abril Ares – Rúa das Campás de San Xoán – Rúa da Acibechería – Catedral – Praza das Praterías – Rúa do Vilar – Praza do Toural – Rúa Nova – Rúa da Conga – Rúa do Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Rúa da Algalia de Arriba – Praza de San Miguel dos Agros – Iglesia de San Miguel dos Agros
Points of Interest…
Procession featuring parish cross, band music with bugles and drums and the Municipal Musica Band. Its members wear a black serge habit with purple moiré silk wristbands, sash and hood.
The image of ‘La Virgen de los Dolores’ is dressed with a velvet with a velvet cape made and embroidered in the Porto sewing workshop in the second half of the 20th Century.

Founded
18th Century
History
The brotherhood of ‘Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno y la Santísima Virgen de los Dolores’, which is the organiser of this Good Friday procession, is based in the Church of San Miguel, where it is the owner of two altars since the 18th Century.

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Sunday, April 1, 2012: Procession of the entry into Jerusalem

“Orden Franciscana Seglar” (Third Order of St. Francis)
Procession of the Entry into Jerusalem
Time an Place
Palm Sunday (Sunday, April 1). Church of la Orden Franciscana Seglar. 11 am.
Home-Starting point
Church of la Orden Franciscana Seglar
Itinerary
Campiño de San Francisco – Rúa de San Francisco – Praza do Obradoiro – Fonseca – Praterías – Praza da Quintana – Praterías – Fonseca – Praza do Obradoiro – Campiño de San Francisco.
Points of Interest…
Procession featuring parish cross, band music with bugles and drums and the Municipal Music Band.
Its members wear a white serge habit with yellow wristbands, sash and hood.
The series of statues entitled “Entrada triunfal de Xesús en Xerusalén” is the work of Roberto G. del Blanco.
Founded
1215
History
There have been Franciscan Tertiaries in Santiago since st. Francis visited Compostela in 1215 and founded his order; they are mentioned in the oldest remaining chronicles dating from the 17th Century.
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Sunday, April 1, 2012: Procession of  ’La Esperanza’

Palm Sunday, April
Brotherhood of ‘La Esperanza Hermandad de los Estudiantes’
Time and place
Palm Sunday (Sunday, April 1). Church of Ánimas. 6 pm
Home-Starting point
Church of El Santo Cristo de las Misericordias – Ánimas
Itinerary
Praza das Ánimas – Rúa das Casas Reais – Praza de Cervantes – Rúa do Preguntoiro – Rúa da Caldeirería – Rúa de Tras de Salomé – Rúa Nova – Praza do Toural – Rúa das Orfas – Rúa da Caldeirería – Rúa do Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Rúa das Casas Reais – Praza das Ánimas.
Points of interest…
Children’s procession featuring guiding cross, band music with bugles and drums and black serge habit with red scapular, wristbands, sash and hood.
The regular statue is being made by Compostela’s Leopoldo Rodríguez and will be featured in the 2008 Holy Week. Meanwhile, its members carry a crucified Jesus that is venerated in Santiago de Compostela’s convent church of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vicent de Paul.
All those carrying the float are girls.
Year of foundation
Founded in 2005
History
The brotherhood was established in 2005 within the youth section of the “Cofradía del Santísimo Cristo de la Misericordia” in order to promote the presence and participation of children in artistic-religious expressions related to Holy Week. Since then both brotherhoods make up the “Hermandad de los Estudiantes,” working closely together in the organisation of their Passion Processions and events.
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Monday, April 2, 2012: Procession of  ’La Humildad’

Monday, April 2, 2012: PROCESSION OF ‘LA HUMILDAD’
Brotherhood of ‘La Humildad’
Time
9.30 pm
Home-Starting Point
Church of Santa María do Camiño
Itinerary
Rúa Travesa – Casas Reais – Praza de Cervantes – Preguntoiro – Caldeirería – Orfas – Toural – Rúa do Vilar – Xelmírez – Conga – Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Casas Reais – Rúa Travesa
Points of interest…
Its members wear a black serge habit, with yellow sleeves and hood, and a cord of the same colour.
Founded
2008
History
The brotherhood was created in 2008 by a group of young people, whose procession leaves from the Church of Santa María do Camiño.
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Tuesday, April 3, 2012: Procession of ‘Cristo de la Paciencia’

Holy Tuesday (Tuesday, April 3). Procession of ‘Cristo de la Paciencia’
Brotherhood of ‘Cristo de la Paciencia’
Time
9 pm

Home-Starting point
Church of a Mercé (Conxo)
Itinerary
Convento de Madres Mercedarias – Rúa Fonte de Santo Antonio – Rúa das Orfas – Praza do Toural – Rúa do Vilar – Praza das Praterías – Catedral
Points of interest…
Procession featuring guided parish cross, band music with bugles and drums and the Municipal Music Band.
Its members wear a white serge habit with red wristbands, sash and hood.
The statue of “El Santísimo Cristo de la Paciencia” is a crucified Jesus that replaces the regular one, made by Gregorio Fernández, in the procession.
Year of foundation
Founded in 1629
History
The “Cofradía y Esclavitud de Nuestra Señora Madre María Santísima de las Mercedes” became the “Cofradía de la Eslavatud del Cristo y de la Merced” in 1732.
The image of the crucified Jesus, made by Gregorio Fernández (Valladolid, 1628), became famous in Compostela with crowds flocking to venerate the sacred image on ash Wednesday and to the procession on the second Sunday of Easter (Dominica in albis), which went from the Cathedral to the monastery of  Padres Mercedarios in Conxo.
The procession and brotherhood were revived in 1980 after many years of absence in Holy Week.
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Wednesday, April 4, 2012: Way of the Cross

Holy Wednesday (Wednesday, April 4,): Way of the Cross
Coordinator of Secular Religious Organisations
Time
– 7.30 pm: Mass
– 8 pm: Procession
Organisation
Coordinator of Secular Religious Organisations
Home-Starting point
Church of San Francisco
Itinerary
Campiño de San Francisco – San Francisco – Praza do Obradoiro – Fonseca – Praza das Praterías – Conga – Praza da Quintana – Conga – Praza das Praterías – Fonseca – Praza do Obradoiro
Points of interest…
The procession originally featured the Franciscan Fathers’ damascus cross, but in 1957 it was replaced by the statue of “El Cristo de la Paciencia de Conxo.”
It is always presided by the Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, with the participation of representatives of all of Compostela’s brotherhoods.
Year of Foundation
Started in 1955, it was suspended in 1967 and restarted in 1988.
History
The Way of the Cross was founded by the brotherhood of “Nuestro Padre Jesús Flagelado,” with the collaboration of the brotherhoods of “Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno” and “La Santísima Virgen de los Dolores” and the brotherhood of “El Santo Cristo de la Unción y Nuestra Señora de la Serenidad.”
In 1988, after being absent from Holy Week for 21 years, Archbishop Antonio María Rouco Varela asked the Coordinator of Secular Religious Organisations to restart it. It has not been suspended during the last 20 years, acquiring more and more splendour.
At present, the 14 stations of the Cross are distributed througout the itinerary, being marked by wooden crosses, where the meditations started by Pope John Paul II at Rome’s Coliseum on Good Friday, 1991, are carried out.
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Wednesday, April 4, 2012: Procession of  ’LOS ESTUDIANTES’

Holy Wednesday (Wednesday, April 4): PROCESSION OF ‘LOS ESTUDIANTES’
Brotherhood of ‘Stmo. Cristo de la Misericordia, Nuestro Padre Jesús de la Esperanza y Nuestra Señora de los Remedios’
Time
11 pm
Home-Starting point
Church of Orfas
Itinerary
School of Orfas. Rúa das Orfas, 5 (11 pm) – Toural (11:15 pm) – Rúa do Vilar (11:20 pm) – Praterías (11:45 pm) Xelmírez (11:50 pm) – Conga (11:55 pm) – Rúa Nova (12) – Iglesia de Santa María Salomé (12:30 am) – Toural (12:40 am) – School of Orfas (12:45 am).
Points of interest…
Procession featuring guiding cross accompanied by children, band music with drums and chapel music.
Its members wear a serge habit and black satin hood with ivory-coloured scapular, wristbands and cord.
The statue of “El Santísimo Cristo de la Misericordia” is an Ecce Homo sculpted by Diego de Sande, disciple of Gregorio Fernández, who belonged to the Third Order of St. Francis, at whose altar it is venerated.
The brotherhood organises a special procession every year to venerate the Apostle in Praza de Praterías, the only penance station where the procession is in front of the Cathedral.
Year of Foundation
Founded in 1997
History
The “Cofradía de Estudiantes,” as it is commonly called, organises every year a prelude to Holy Week in the University assembly hall. It has “twinned” with brotherhoods from all over Galicia and Spain and has endeavoured to be a source of evangelisation and commitment to its surroundings by organising annual cultural and social events.
This brotherhood has given rise to fusion initiatives such as “Compostela Choirs” and “Santiago Band.”
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Thursday, April 5, 2012: Procession of ‘La Última Cena del Salvador’

Maundy Thursday (Thursday, April 5): PROCESSION OF ‘LA ÚLTIMA CENA DEL SALVADOR’
Brotherhood of ‘La Vera Cruz’
Time
7 pm
Home-Starting point
Church of San Francisco
Itinerary
San Francisco – Praza do Obradoiro – Praza das Praterías – Rúa do Vilar – Rúa Nova – Rúa da Conga – Praza das Praterías – Praza do Obradoiro – San Francisco
Points of interest…
Procession featuring parish cross accompanied by a rattle, band music with bugles and drums and the Municipal Music Band.
Its members wear a black serge habit with olive-green wristbands, hood and sash.
The float features the “Última Cena del Salvador,” which won a prize at the Paris Universal Exhibition, a statue of the last supper made by the Compostela sculptor Sanmartín in 1864.
The “Nazareno de Medinacelli” that is part of the procession was recently donated to the brotherhood by the nuns of “La Compañía de María,” the Compostela church where a replica of the statue is kept.
The procession’s “Dolorosa” is a statue of the Virgin belonging to the Third Order of St. Francis and is attributed to the galician sculptor Ferreiro.
Year of Foundation
Proof of its existence goes back to 1548
History
The “Cofradía de la Vera Cruz” was founded in the mid-16th century, in the convent of San Francisco, to commemorate the institution of the eucharist by means of a procession featuring the float of “La Última Cena del Salvador.”
The procession, which was firstly assumed by the brotherhoods and then by Santiago’s residents, was finally (as of 1615) made dependent on the Council. And it was the Council that, at the end of the 20th century after an absence of many years, revived it in 1993 and entrusted its organisation to the Franciscan Monks in 1997, when it was reorganised and cononically established with new habits and statutes.
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Thursday, April 5, 2012: Procession of ‘Jesús Flagelado’

Maundy Thursday (Thursday, April 5, 2012): PROCESSION OF ‘JESÚS FLAGELADO’
Brotherhood of ‘Nuestro Padre Jesús Flagelado’
Time
11:30 pm
Home-Starting point
Church of San Agustín
Itinerary
Praza de San Agustín – Cantón de San Bieito- Praza de Cervantes – Rúa Algalia de Arriba – Praza de San Miguel dos Agros – Abril Ares – Campás de San Xoán – Acibechería – Tras San Paio de Antealtares – Conga – Preguntoiro – Caldeirería – Orfas – Toural – Rúa do Vilar – Xelmírez – Conga – Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Cantón de San Bieito – Praza de San Agustín
Points of interest…
It is a penitential procession featuring crosses and chains.
Its members wear a black habit with sky-blue hood, wristbands and chord.
The image of “Nuestro Padre Jesús Flagelado” was sculpted by Diego de Sande in the first third of the 18th Century.
The Baroque-style float used in the procession was made in 1953 by the carpenter Pose.
Year of Foundation
Founded in 1953
History
Its origin goes back to the Marian Congregation of San Luis de Gonzaga in the church of San Agustín, run by father Villamil; the association was made up of young university students at that time.
Its first president was José Besada Varela, who gathered 26 founding members that participated in the 1953 procession.
The brotherhood now has 350 members that participate in the evening of Holy Thursday.
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Friday, April 6, 2012: Procession of the Holy Encounter

Good Friday (Friday, April 6, 2012): PROCESSION OF THE HOLY ENCOUNTER
Time
11 am
Home-Starting point
Church of San Miguel dos Agros
Itinerary
Praza da Quintana – Rúa da Conga – Praza das Praterías – Rúa do Vilar – Praza do Toural – Rúa Nova – Rúa da Conga – Rúa do Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Rúa da Algalia de Arriba – Rúa de San Roque – Rúa do Hospitaliño – Praza de San Martiño – Praza de San Miguel dos Agros
Points of interest…
Procession featuring parish cross, band music with bugles and drums and the Municipal Music Band.
Its members wear a black serge habit with purple moiré silk wristbands, sash and hood.
The images of “La Virgen de los Dolores” and “Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno” are clothed with velvet capes made and embroidered in the Porto sewing workshop in the second half of the 20th Century.
The figures of St. John and St. Veronica also form part of the procession.
Founded
18th Century
History
The brotherhood was founded by aristocratic gentlemen in 1731. It was originally based in the church of San Cayetano, with the primary objective of providing comfort, assistance, company and funerals for those sentenced to death.
It was given a large part of the Pastoriza Cemetery in order to fulfill its objectives.
In 1738 the brotherhood joined that of “San Juan Degollado de la Nación Florentina” in Rome, making use of this “alliance” to receive a bull of privilege.
In 1742 the brotherhood moved to the chapel of San Miguel, which was sold in 1752 to the brotherhood along with its tombs and sacristy.
The brotherhood has held the funeral for a total of thirty-two convicts sentenced to death since its establishment.
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Friday, April 6, 2012: Procession of ‘La Quinta Angustia’

Good Friday (Friday, April 6, 2012): PROCESSION OF ‘LA QUINTA ANGUSTIA’
Brotherhood of ‘Nuestra Señora de la Quinta Angustia’
Time
6 pm
Home-Starting point
Church of Nuestra Señora de la Quinta Angustia
Itinerary
Campo da Angustia – Rúa do Rosario – Rúa de Bonaval – Porta do Camiño – Rúa das Casas Reais – Praza de Cervantes – Rúa da Acibechería – Rúa de Tras San Paio de Antealtares– Rúa da Conga – Rúa do Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Rúa das Casas Reais – Porta do Camiño – Rúa de San Pedro – Campo da Angustia.
Points of interest…
Procession featuring parish cross, band music with bugles and drums and Municipal Music Band.
Its members wear a black serge habit with wristbands, sash and hood of green satin, in the case of those accompanying the Christ, and of white satin for those accompanying the Virgin.
The image of “La Virgen de la Quinta Angustia” is the work of the 20th-Century sculptor Jesús Picón.
Year of Foundation
Founded in 1694
History
The monks of St. Martin belonged to this brotherhood.
The procession used to be held on Easter Monday, being changed to Good Friday in 1968.

Friday, April 6, 2012: Procession of ‘El Santo Entierro’

Good Friday (Friday, April 6, 2012): PROCESSION OF ‘EL SANTO ENTIERRO’
Brotherhood: Cofradía Numeraria del Rosario
Time
8 pm
Home-Starting point
Church of San Domingos de Bonaval
Itinerary
Rúa de San Domingos de Bonaval – Porta do Camiño – Rúa das Casas Reais – Praza de Cervantes – Rúa da Acibechería – Praza da Inmaculada – Estación de Penitencia Catedral – Praza das Praterías – Rúa do Vilar – Praza do Toural – Rúa Nova – Rúa da Conga – Rúa do Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Casas Reais – Porta do Camiño – Rúa de San Domingos de Bonaval
(In the event of rain, it will be held inside the church of San Domingos de Bonaval).
Points of interest…
Procession featuring parish cross, band music with bugles and drums and the Municipal Music Band.
Its 150 members wear tailcoats.
The reclining Christ is the work of Pedro Taboada; the urn in which he is reclining was made by Tomás Fontenla and enlarged by Bonome in 1955; the “Virgen de los Cuchillos” is a 1960 statue by Castor Lata, clothed with a cape that was given to the brotherhood by Queen Isabel II.
Year of Foundation
Founded in the 15th Century
History
The brotherhood’s objective is worshiping and venerating Our Lady under the title of the Rosary.
It was founded in the 15th Century after the Dominican Alain de la Roche preached in Compostela.
Since the time of King Fernando and Queen Isabel, all spanish monarchs have been honorary members of this brotherhood. Alfonso XIII carried its holy calvary in 1909.
This brotherhood is one of a limited number that have their own chapel and cemetery.
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Friday, April 6, 2012: Procession of ‘LaVirgen de la Soledad’

Good Friday (Friday, April 6, 2012): PROCESSION OF ‘LA VIRGEN DE LA SOLEDAD’
Brotherhood: Cofradía de la Virgen de la Soledad
Time
11 pm
Home-Starting point
Church of Santa María Salomé
Itinerary
Rúa Nova – Praza do Toural – Rúa do Vilar – Praza das Praterías – Conga – Preguntoiro – Rúa do Castro – Praza da Universidade – Cardenal Payá – Orfas – Toural – Rúa Nova
Points of interest…
Procession featuring parish cross, band music with bugles and drums. Its members wear a black habit with white moiré silk hood, wristbands and sash.
The procession includes images of “La Santísima Virgen de la Soledad,” covered with a jet-stone cape by the compostela artisan Marcelino, and an allegorical float of Calvary.
Year of Foundation
17th Century
History
The procession used to be held on Easter Sunday until the thirties, when it was changed to the evening of Good Friday.
For a long time it was commonly called the procession of “Los Caladiños” (the Silent Ones) and only women participated.
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Saturday april 7th 2012 (Parroquia de Sar): Vía Crucis por el Monte  Pedroso

Time
10:30 h.
Starting Point
Casa Novas (Sar)
Itinerary
Cruceros del Monte Pedroso
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Saturday, April 7, 2012: Procession of ‘Los Hermanos’

Holy Saturday (Saturday, April 7, 2012): PROCESSION OF ‘LOS HERMANOS’
Brotherhood of ‘Cristo de la Unción y Nuestra Señora de la Serenidad’
Time
7.30 pm
Home-Starting point
School of La Inmaculada
Itinerary
Concepción Arenal – Fonte de Santo Antonio – Orfas – Rúa Nova – Praza das Praterías – Rúa do Vilar – Porta Faxeira – Senra – Fonte de San Antonio – Concepción Arenal
Points of interest…
Procession featuring guiding cross, band music with drums, La Brilat Band and the Royal Bagpipe Band of Orense.
Its members wear a white serge habit, black hood and sky-blue wristbands and sash.
Both the statue of “Santo Cristo de la Unción” and that of “Nuestra Señora de la Serenidad” were made in the 20th Century by the Compostela sculptor Castor Lata.
The procession also includes the cross of “Los Infantes,” one of the brotherhood’s identifying symbols, which is carried by 22 children.
Since 2003, the “Santo Cristo de la Unción” has appeared in the procession on a throne made by the goldsmith Ramón Orovio brought from Ciudad Real.
A youth section made up of 31 young people has existed since 2006.
Year of Foundation
Founded in 1953
History
From 1974 to 1993, the brotherhood did not hold its procession due to different problems.
The brotherhood has twinned with the brotherhoods of “Nuestra Señora de las Angustias” in Ferrol, “La Santa Cena” in Baeza (Jaen) and “La Flagelación de Nuestro Padre Jesús de la Bondad y María Santísima del Consuelo.”
The following are honorary members: the Prince and Princess of Asturias, the city of Santiago, La Brilat, the La Salle brothers Tirso Verdugo and Salvador Revilla, and Juan José Cebrián Franco.
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Sunday, April 8, 2012: Procession of ‘El Cristo Resucitado’

Sunday, April 8, 2012: PROCESSION OF ‘EL CRISTO RESUCITADO’
Brotherhood of ‘Vera Cruz’

Time
11 am

Home-Starting point
Church of San Francisco

Itinerary
Praza da Quintana – Rúa da Conga – Rúa Nova – Praza do Toural – Rúa do Vilar – Praza das Praterías – Rúa da Conga – Preguntoiro – Praza de Cervantes – Acibechería – Praza da Inmaculada – Val de Deus – San Francisco.
History
Brotherhood of ‘La Vera Cruz’ was founded in the 16th Century in the monastery of San Francisco.

Sunday, April 15, 2012: Procession of ‘El Cristo de la Paciencia’

Dominica in Albis (Sunday, April 15, 2012): PROCESSION OF ‘EL CRISTO DE LA PACIENCIA’
Brotherhood of ‘El Cristo de la Paciencia’
Time
11 am
Home-Starting point
Praza do Obradoiro
Itinerary
Praza do Obradoiro – Praza das Praterías – Rúa do Vilar – Porta Faxeira – Avenida de Xoán Carlos I – Avenida de Rosalía de Castro – Avenida de Vilagarcía – Rúa de García Prieto – Rúa de Sánchez Freire – A Mercé (Conxo)
Points of interest…
Procession featuring a parish guiding cross, band music with bugles and drums and music band. White serge habit with red wristbands and sash.
The statue of “El Santísimo Cristo de la Paciencia” is a crucified Jesus that replaces the regular one made by Gregorio Fernández in the procession.
Year of Foundation
Founded in 1629
History
The “Cofradía y Esclavitud de Nuestra Señora Madre María Santísima de las Mercedes” was changed to the “Cofradía de la Esclavitud del Cristo y de la Merced” in 1732. The image of the crucified Jesus, made by Gregorio Fernández (Valladolid, 1628), became famous in Compostela with crowds flocking to venerate the sacred image on Ash Wednesday and to the procession on the second Sunday of Easter (Dominica in Albis), which went from St. James’ Basilica to the Monastery of Los Mercedarios in Conxo.
The procession and brotherhood were revived in 1980.
Source: http://www.semanasantasantiago.com/

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